How Vögele pavers are modernizing the Circuit Zandvoort in preparation for the Dutch F1 Grand Prix
Three Vögele pavers have modernized the Circuit Zandvoort in preparation for the Dutch Grand Prix. The demanding project included the addition of two steeply banked turns that were up to 32 percent, requiring a tolerance of ±2 mm (0.79 in).
With its many hills and twisting turns, the just over two-and-a-half mile Circuit Zandvoort is an extremely challenging racetrack - not just for drivers, but for road construction professionals too.
Before the return of Formula One to the circuit in September 2021 and after a 36-year break, the "rollercoaster in the dunes" located right on the coast of the North Sea had to be partially rebuilt and renovated. Plans for the new layout included the partial construction of two new steeply banked turns along with the rehabilitation and modernization work. The two banked turns are designed to encourage overtaking and enable higher cornering speeds, so the race cars emerge faster onto the straight.
Expert partner required
The demands on the method for road construction were correspondingly high. Only special paving mixes meeting the highest standards of the World Motor Sport Federation FIA were allowed. The banked turns had to provide a slope of up to 32 percent, keeping to a precision tolerance of ±2 mm (0.79 in).
Filippo Piccoli, technical manager of engineering firm Studio Dromo which planned the rebuild, describes the project requirements as "the most extreme racetrack construction I have ever seen and been involved with."
That's also why the contractors, Van Kessel B. V. and KWS Infra B. V., made use of the comprehensive application consulting services and on-site support provided by the Wirtgen Group, as well as the matching machinery: three Vögele SUPER 1900-3i pavers in combination with the AB 500 TV extending screed and Hamm rollers from the HW, HD, HD+ and HD CompactLine series.
Trial run before paving
In preliminary discussions with the Wirtgen Group experts, the project parties decided to first run a trial. This allowed the paving team to work through the specific challenges on-site, ensuring that the actual paving operation on the track all went smoothly.
Ultimately, the two banked turns were built with a crossfall of as much as 32 percent, making them even steeper than the corners on high-speed oval tracks in the USA. It was vital to the success of the project that everyone involved knew exactly what factors to consider when setting up the machinery and running the process.
As is the standard requirement on racetrack construction sites, the paving was carried out using the "hot on hot" method, meaning with no central seam. André Felchner, head of applications engineering at Vögele, personally oversaw the preparations and the asphalt work.
"These highly complex tasks are what we do. Of course, there's a lot to consider ensuring that the asphalt paving and compaction are successfully executed on a road as extreme as this one," Felchner says. "So it's all the more enjoyable to encounter a paving team as highly skilled and motivated as this one. The guys quickly grasped what it was all about."
Big MultiPlex ski for optimal evenness
The tolerance of just ±2 mm (0.79 in) on the steeply banked turns posed a challenge. The three SUPER 1900-3i pavers had to deliver precision work and were equipped with the Vögele Big MultiPlex Ski for the job.
The sensor system is ideal for applications demanding absolute longitudinal evenness. The paving team attached three multi-cell sonic sensors to its variable 5 to 13 m (16 ft 5 in to 42 ft 8 in) long carrier beam. This enables the Big MultiPlex Ski to scan a reference at several points located at a distance from one another. The Niveltronic Plus System for Automated Grade and Slope Control calculates a mean from the measurements taken across the entire measuring range, making up for any unevenness over long distances.
Screed Assist key to success
Another special feature of the track was the specific profile. Despite this, the Vögele machinery needed only minor adjustments in order to pave the steeply banked turns.
"To achieve a high-quality, precompacted result on the extreme slope, only a slight negative crown profile had to be created," says Felchner.
On banked turns, the pressure on the screed on the inside of the bend is naturally greater due to the slope. The paving team deployed the Screed Assist feature to ensure the mix was laid evenly across the entire width. On Vögele pavers, it can be adjusted separately for each side of the screed. This reduced the pressure on the inside of the bend, delivering a homogeneous paving result.