Langford becomes first city in Canada to adopt low-carbon concrete policy
The City of Langford has become the first jurisdiction in Canada to adopt a low-carbon concrete policy, accelerating the deployment of technologies to decarbonize the built environment. Effective June 1, 2022, all concrete supplied to City-owned or solicited projects, and private construction projects greater than 50 cubic metres, will be required to be produced using post-industrial carbon dioxide (CO2) mineralization technologies, or an equivalent which offers concrete with lower embodied CO2.
"Building regulations are important drivers for change. This is an immediate and critical change that local governments can be a big part of," said Langford Mayor Stew Young. "While we have taken many steps to reduce our operational emissions, as a City, much of our impact comes from the materials that we buy. With this policy, Langford is extending its commitment to taking climate action while also setting a new, higher standard for policymakers across Canada to rein in emissions and protect our communities from the worst impacts of climate change."
Embodied carbon emissions - resulting from construction activities and manufacturing of building materials - encompass all of the greenhouse gas emissions that are released before anyone even turns on the lights in a new building. Cement production, the key ingredient in concrete, is responsible for about seven percent of the world's CO2 emissions. Concrete is the most used building material in the world, making it one of the largest contributors to embodied carbon in the built environment.
Carbonmineralization technologies inject captured CO2 into concrete during the mixing process where it becomes permanently embedded. This improves the concrete's compressive strength, which then enables the reduction of carbon-intensive cement content in mix designs without impacting performance.
CO2 mineralization technologies for concrete are already widely used in Langford and surrounding communities. This policy was passed after comprehensive discussions with experts and industry leaders across Vancouver Island.
Langford's new policy also requires that project teams submit - like a nutritional label for concrete - a product-specific Type III Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) that is third-party verified. Adopting such a policy will enable Langford to track climate impacts of purchased concrete materials and take steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions arising from local construction.
"By integrating this carbon mineralization policy, Langford is in a position to be the Canadian leader in the deployment of carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies for concrete used in new construction," said Vancouver Island resident Robert Niven, CEO of CarbonCure Technologies, a local supplier of carbon mineralization technologies for concrete. "While federal and global leaders discuss and debate climate commitments coming out of COP26, Langford is taking climate action that will have real and meaningful impact. We hope other cities across British Columbia and Canada follow suit by adopting such a policy."
According to the Global Cement and Concrete Association (GCCA), carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies are estimated to be the single largest decarbonization opportunity in the cement and concrete sector, accounting for more than one third of all emissions reductions needed to achieve net-zero production.